The Canadian House of Commons is a component of the Parliament of
Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor
General) and the Senate. Members of the Canadian House of Commons are
elected for limited terms, holding office until Parliament is
dissolved. Each member is elected by, and represents, an electoral
district. The House of Commons was established in 1867, when the
British North America Act 1867 created the Dominion of Canada. In
practice, the House of Commons (the lower house) holds far more power
than the Senate (the upper house), and is by far the dominant House of
Parliament. Although the approval of both Houses is necessary for
legislation, the Senate very rarely rejects bills passed by the
Commons. Moreover, the Government of Canada is responsible solely to
the House of Commons; the Prime Minister stays in office only as long
as he or she retains the support of the Lower House.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Admiral Yi Sun Sin's Korean navy defeated the Japanese fleet in the
Battle of Noryang Point, the final naval battle of the Seven Year War.
The Protectorate: Oliver Cromwell (pictured) became Lord Protector of
the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland.
Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty attended the Boston Tea Party.
Pakistani forces in East Pakistan surrendered, ending the
Indo-Pakistani War and the Bangladesh Liberation War.
The Romanian Revolution began as a protest in the city of TimiÅŸoara
against an attempt by the government to evict dissident priest
LÃ¡szlÃ³ TÅ‘kÃ©s. Rioting ensued.
Wikiquote of the day:
"Fear can make you do more wrong than hate or jealousy. If you're
afraid you don't commit yourself to life completely; fear makes you
always, always hold something back." -- Philip K. Dick