Java is an object-oriented programming language developed initially by
James Gosling and colleagues at Sun Microsystems. It was intended to
replace C++, although the feature set better resembles that of
Objective-C. Sun Microsystems currently maintains and updates Java
regularly. Specifications of the Java language, the Java Virtual
Machine (JVM) and the Java API are community-maintained through the
Sun-managed Java Community Process. Java was developed in 1991 by
Gosling and other Sun engineers, as part of the Green Project. After
first being made public in 1994, it achieved prominence following the
announcement at 1995's SunWorld that Netscape would be including
support for it in their Navigator browser.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
A Christmas Carol, a fictional novella about Ebenezer Scrooge, was
first published by Charles Dickens (pictured).
American Civil War: General Ulysses S. Grant issued General Order No.
11, expelling Jews from Tennessee, Mississippi, and Kentucky.
Orville and Wilbur Wright aboard the Wright Flyer conducted the first
successful flight of a powered fixed-wing aircraft.
MalmÃ©dy massacre: Waffen-SS troops under Joachim Peiper shot at about
150 unarmed prisoners of war with machine guns near Malmedy, Belgium.
The Simpsons made their debut as an animated series on the Fox
Wikiquote of the day:
"I will live in the Past, the Present, and the Future. The Spirits of
all Three shall strive within me. I will not shut out the lessons that
they teach." -- Charles Dickens