The asteroid belt is a region of the Solar System located roughly
between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter. It is occupied by
numerous irregularly shaped bodies called asteroids or minor planets.
More than half the mass of the belt is contained in the four largest
objects: Ceres, 4 Vesta, 2 Pallas, and 10 Hygiea. These have mean
diameters of more than 400 km, while the remaining bodies range down to
the size of a dust particle. Individual asteroids within the main belt
are categorized by their spectra, with most falling into three basic
groups: carbonaceous (C-type), silicate (S-type), and metal-rich
(M-type). The asteroid belt formed from the primordial solar nebula as
a group of planetesimals, which in turn formed protoplanets. Between
Mars and Jupiter, gravitational perturbations from the giant planet
imbued the protoplanets with too much orbital energy for them to
accrete into a planet. Collisions became too violent and, instead of
sticking together, the planetesimals and most of the protoplanets
shattered. Asteroid orbits continue to be appreciably perturbed
whenever their period of revolution about the Sun forms an orbital
resonance with Jupiter. Other regions of small solar system bodies
include the centaurs, the Kuiper belt and scattered disk, and the Oort
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Pope John VIII became the first to officially recognise Croatia as a
nation-state, and Branimir as its Duke.
John III Sobieski , elected by the szlachta, became the King of the
Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross.
Mexican President Porfirio Díaz and the revolutionary Francisco Madero
signed the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez to put an end to the fighting
between the forces of both men, and thus concluding the initial phase
of the Mexican Revolution.
Manhattan Project physicist Louis Slotin accidentally triggered a
fission reaction at the Los Alamos National Laboratory and gave himself
a lethal dose of hard radiation, making him the second victim of a
criticality accident in history.
Indonesian President Suharto resigned following the collapse of support
for his three-decade-long reign.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
don't shoot the messenger (proverb):
The bearer of bad news should not be held accountable for the bad news
Wikiquote quote of the day:
All seems Infected that th' Infected spy,
As all looks yellow to the Jaundic'd Eye.