The Yeomanry Cavalry was the mounted component of the British Volunteer
Corps, a military auxiliary established in the late 18th century. When
the Volunteer Corps was disbanded after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815,
the yeomanry – recruited from the middle and upper classes – was
retained as a politically reliable institution that could act as a
mounted police force. It became infamous after playing a leading part in
the Peterloo Massacre of 1819, and its policing role declined as
civilian police forces were established in the mid-19th century. The
yeomanry struggled to find a place in the military establishment, and it
survived largely because of its members' political influence and
willingness to subsidise it financially. It found a new relevance when
the Second Boer War revealed a need for mounted infantry. It was
reorganised in 1901 as the Imperial Yeomanry, and in 1908 it ceased to
be a discrete institution when all volunteer auxiliaries were
amalgamated into the Territorial Force.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yeomanry_Cavalry>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Following the deaths of two employees on the job, black
sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee, agreed to begin a strike that
would last more than two months.
Anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela, having been a political
prisoner for 27 years, was released from Victor Verster Prison near
Paarl, South Africa.
The Anna Kournikova computer worm, which went on to affect
millions of users worldwide, was released by a 20-year-old Dutch
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. The chemical element (symbol Ra) with an atomic number of 88. It is a
soft, shiny and silvery radioactive alkaline earth metal.
2. (textiles, dated) A type of cloth woven from silk or synthetic yarn,
often with a shiny appearance.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
We are like tenant farmers chopping down the fence around our
house for fuel when we should be using Nature's inexhaustible sources of
energy — sun, wind and tide. … I'd put my money on the sun and solar
energy. What a source of power! I hope we don't have to wait until oil
and coal run out before we tackle that.