The Polish September Campaign was the conquest of Poland by the armies
of Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union, and a small contingent of Slovak
forces during the Second World War. The campaign began on 1 September
1939 following a German-staged attack. This military operation, which
saw the first use of Blitzkrieg tactics, marked the start of the
Second World War in Europe as the invasion led Poland's allies, the
United Kingdom and France, to declare war on Germany on September 3.
On September 17, 1939, the Soviet Red Army invaded the eastern regions
of Poland. The Soviets were acting in co-operation with Nazi Germany,
carrying out their part of the secret appendix of the
Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact (the division of Europe into Nazi and Soviet
spheres of influence). The campaign ended on 6 October, 1939, with
Germany and the Soviet Union occupying the entirety of Poland.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
– Roderic and the Visigoths in Iberia were defeated in the Battle of
Guadalete by Moorish Umayyad invaders led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad.
– Lady Jane Grey was replaced by Mary I of England as Queen of England
after holding that title for just nine days.
– The two-day Women's Rights Convention opened in Seneca Falls, New
York, United States.
– France declared war on Prussia, starting the Franco-Prussian War.
– Burmese nationalist Aung San was assassinated.
– Sandinista rebels overthrew the US-backed government of the Somoza
family in Nicaragua.
Wikiquote of the day:
"Anyone who has ever looked into the glazed eyes of a soldier dying on
the battlefield will think hard before starting a war." -- Otto von