Charles Holden (1875–1960) was an English architect best known for
designing many London Underground stations during the 1920s and 1930s,
for Bristol Central Library, the Underground Electric Railways Company
of London's headquarters at 55 Broadway and for the University of
London's Senate House. He also created many war cemeteries in Belgium
and northern France for the Imperial War Graves Commission. Although
not without its critics, his architecture is widely appreciated. He was
awarded the Royal Institute of British Architects' Royal Gold Medal for
architecture in 1936 and was appointed a Royal Designer for Industry in
1943. His station designs for London Underground became the
corporation's design standard influencing designs by all architects
working for the organisation in the 1930s. Many of his buildings have
been granted listed building status, protecting them from unapproved
alteration. Modestly believing that architecture was a collaborative
effort, he twice declined the offer of a knighthood.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Hundred Years' War: Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen,
France, after being convicted of heresy in a politically motivated
The East Indiaman ship Arniston was wrecked during a storm at
Waenhuiskrans, near Cape Agulhas, present-day South Africa, with the
loss of 372 lives.
The Kansas–Nebraska Act became law, establishing the U.S. territories
of Nebraska and Kansas, repealing the 1820 Missouri Compromise, and
allowing settlers in those territories to determine if they would
permit slavery within their boundaries.
The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., featuring a sculpture of the
sixteenth U.S. President Abraham Lincoln by Daniel Chester French,
Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu announced the establishment of Biafra, a
secessionist state in southeastern Nigeria, an event that sparked the
Nigerian Civil War one week later.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
To wink or blink
Wikiquote quote of the day:
If I am not in the state of grace, may God put me there; and if I am,
may God so keep me.
--Joan of Arc
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