"Ku Klux Klan" is the name of a number of past and present fraternal
organizations in the United States that have advocated white supremacy
and anti-Semitism; and in the past century, anti-Catholicism, and
nativism. These organizations have often promoted the use of terror
and violence against African Americans and others. Founded by veterans
of the Confederate Army, its main purpose was to resist
Reconstruction, and it focused as much on intimidating "carpetbaggers"
and "scalawags" as on putting down the freed slaves. The founding in
1915 of a second distinct group using the same name was inspired by
the newfound power of the modern mass media, via the film The Birth of
a Nation and inflammatory and anti-Semitic newspaper accounts
surrounding the trial and lynching of accused murderer Leo Frank. The
second KKK typically preached Racism, anti-Catholicism, nativism, and
anti-Semitism and some local groups took part in lynchings and other
violent activities. Its popularity fell during the Great Depression,
and membership fell again during World War II, due to scandals
resulting from prominent members' crimes and support of the Nazis.
Today, the third KKK, with operations in separated small local units,
is considered an extreme hate group which has been disowned by all
mainstream media and most political and religious leaders.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The British Parliament abolished feudalism and the seigneurial system
in British North America.
Camille Chautemps became Prime Minister of France in the second
Popular Front ministry.
Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union with Operation Barbarossa.
Argentine footballer Diego Maradona scored both the Hand of God goal
and the Goal of the Century against England during the quarter-final
match of the FIFA World Cup in Mexico City.
Wikiquote of the day:
"The intellectual is constantly betrayed by his vanity. Godlike he
blandly assumes that he can express everything in words; whereas the
things one loves, lives, and dies for are not, in the last analysis
completely expressible in words." -- Anne Morrow Lindbergh