Theodore Komnenos Doukas (died c. 1253) ruled Epirus and Thessaly from
1215 to 1230, and most of Macedonia and western Thrace as Emperor of
Thessalonica from 1224 to 1230. He was also the power behind the rule of
his two sons John and Demetrios over Thessalonica in 1237–46. The
scion of a distinguished Byzantine aristocratic family, he was called to
Epirus by his bastard half-brother Michael I Komnenos Doukas, who had
founded an independent principality there after the Fourth Crusade. When
Michael died in 1215, Theodore assumed governance and allied with
Serbia, taking the Latin Kingdom of Thessalonica in 1224. He declared
himself emperor, challenging the claims of the Nicaean emperor John III
Vatatzes on the Byzantine imperial throne. In 1230 he amassed an army to
besiege Constantinople, but diverted it to fight in Bulgaria, where he
was defeated, blinded, and imprisoned for seven years. In 1237 he
installed his older son John, and later Demetrios, as emperor in
Thessalonica, remaining the de facto regent of the state. He was taken
prisoner again in 1252 by Vatatzes and sent into exile in Nicaea, where
he died the next year.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Komnenos_Doukas>
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