Robert of Jumièges (died 1052–1055?) was the first Norman Archbishop
of Canterbury. He had served as prior of the Abbey of St Ouen at Rouen
in Normandy, before becoming abbot of Jumièges Abbey (pictured), near
Rouen, in 1037. He was a friend and advisor to the king of England,
Edward the Confessor, who appointed him Bishop of London in 1044, and
then archbishop in 1051. Robert's time as archbishop lasted only about
eighteen months. He had already come into conflict with the powerful
Earl Godwin of Wessex, and had made attempts to recover lands lost to
Godwin and his family. He also refused to consecrate Spearhafoc,
Edward's choice to succeed Robert as Bishop of London. The rift between
Robert and Godwin culminated in Robert's deposition and exile in 1052,
and he died at Jumièges shortly after. Robert commissioned significant
building work at Jumièges and was probably involved in the first
Romanesque building in England, the church built in Westminster for
Edward the Confessor, now known as Westminster Abbey. Robert's treatment
by the English was used as one of the justifications of William the
Conqueror for his invasion of England.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_of_Jumi%C3%A8ges>
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Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (woodworking, countable and uncountable) Also attributive. Lengths of
wood that have been made pliable by heating with steam and then bent
into the appropriate shape (to make furniture, ships' hulls, etc.).
2. (countable) An object, especially a piece of furniture, made from
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The machine does not isolate us from the great problems of nature
but plunges us more deeply into them.
--Antoine de Saint Exupéry
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