The Kinetoscope is an early motion picture exhibition device. Though
not a movie projector—it was designed for films to be viewed
individually through the window of a cabinet housing its
components—the Kinetoscope introduced the basic approach that would
become the standard for all cinematic projection before the advent of
video: it creates the illusion of movement by conveying a strip of
perforated film bearing sequential images over a light source with a
high-speed shutter. First described in conceptual terms by U.S.
inventor Thomas Edison in 1888, it was largely developed by his
employee William Kennedy Laurie Dickson between 1889 and 1892. In
April 1894, the first commercial exhibition of motion pictures in
history was given in New York City, using ten Kinetoscopes.
Instrumental to the birth of American movie culture, the Kinetoscope
also had a major impact in Europe; its influence abroad was magnified
by Edison's decision not to seek international patents on the device,
facilitating numerous imitations of and improvements on the
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Pope Pius V issued the papal bull Regnans in Excelsis to
excommunicate Queen Elizabeth I and her followers in the Church of
American inventor and industrialist Samuel Colt received a patent
for a "revolving gun", later known as a revolver.
In his speech On the Personality Cult and its Consequences to the
20th Party Congress, Soviet Leader Nikita Khrushchev denounced the
personality cult and dictatorship of his predecessor Joseph Stalin.
Corazon Aquino was inaugurated as the first female President of the
Philippines after Ferdinand Marcos fled the nation after twenty years
of rule because of the People Power Revolution.
Nagorno-Karabakh War: Armenian armed forces killed over 600 ethnic
Azerbaijani civilians from the town of Khojali in the Nagorno-Karabakh
region of Azerbaijan.
Wiktionary's Word of the day:
plenipotentiary: A person invested with full power, especially as the
agent or ambassador of a sovereign.
Wikiquote of the day:
Every intelligent child is an amateur anthropologist. The
first thing such a child notices is that adults don't make sense. --