The Nyon Conference was a diplomatic conference held in Nyon,
Switzerland, in September 1937 to address attacks on international
shipping in the Mediterranean Sea during the Spanish Civil War. The
conference was convened in part because Italy had been carrying out
unrestricted submarine warfare, although the final conference agreement
did not accuse Italy directly; instead, the attacks were referred to as
"piracy" by an unidentified body. Italy was not officially at war, nor
did any submarine identify itself. The conference was designed to
strengthen non-intervention in the Spanish Civil War. The United
Kingdom and France led the conference, which was also attended by
Bulgaria, Egypt, Greece, Romania, Turkey, the Soviet Union and
Yugoslavia. The first agreement, signed on 14 September, included plans
to counterattack aggressive submarines. Naval patrols were established;
the United Kingdom and France were to patrol most of the western
Mediterranean and parts of the east, and the other signatories were to
patrol their own waters. Italy was to be allowed to join the agreement
and patrol the Tyrrhenian Sea if it wished. A second agreement followed
three days later, applying similar provisions to surface ships. Italy
and Nazi Germany did not attend, although the former did take up naval
patrols in November. In marked contrast to the Non-Intervention
Committee and the League of Nations, this conference did succeed in
preventing attacks by submarines. (more...)
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems, in which he
advocated Copernican heliocentrism, was delivered to his patron, Grand
The Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland , named after
philanthropist Johns Hopkins, who gave the largest philanthropic
bequest in U.S. history for its foundation, opened.
Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser and Syrian President Shukri
al-Quwatli signed a union pact to form the United Arab Republic.
The play Moose Murders opened and closed on the same night at the
Eugene O'Neill Theatre in New York City, becoming the standard of
"awfulness" against which all Broadway theatre failures are judged.
At least six men staged Britain's biggest cash robbery ever, stealing
£53,116,760 in bank notes from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(physiology) A watery or thin discharge of serum or mucus, especially
from the eyes or nose
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The world stands out on either side
No wider than the heart is
Above the world is stretched the sky, —
No higher than the soul is
The heart can push the sea and land
Farther away on either hand;
soul can split the sky in two,
And let the face of God shine through.
But East and West will pinch
That can not keep them pushed apart;
And he whose soul is flat — the
Will cave in on him by and by.
--Edna St. Vincent Millay
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