Attachment theory is a psychological, evolutionary and ethological
theory concerning relationships between humans. The most important
tenet of attachment theory is that a young child needs to develop a
relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and
emotional development to occur normally. The theory was formulated by
psychiatrist and psychoanalyst John Bowlby. Within attachment theory,
infant behaviour associated with attachment is primarily the seeking of
proximity to an attachment figure in stressful situations. Attachment
figures arise as infants become attached to adults, usually but not
necessarily parents, who are sensitive and responsive in social
interactions with them, and who remain as consistent caregivers for
some months during the period from about six months to two years of
age. During the latter part of this period, children begin to use
attachment figures (familiar people) as a secure base to explore from
and return to. Parental responses lead to the development of patterns
of attachment; these, in turn, lead to internal working models which
will guide the individual's feelings, thoughts and expectations in
later relationships. Separation anxiety or grief following the loss of
an attachment figure is considered to be a normal and adaptive response
for an attached infant. These behaviours may have evolved because they
increase the probability of survival of the child.
Read the rest of this article:
Today's selected anniversaries:
Jesuit missionaries José de Anchieta and Manoel da Nóbrega established
a mission at São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga, which grew to become
São Paulo, Brazil.
Russian Empress Elizabeth issued a decree ordering the establishment of
what is now Lomonosov Moscow State University , today the largest
university in Russia.
The first Winter Olympic Games opened at the foot of Mont Blanc in
Chamonix, Haute-Savoie, France, attracting more than 200 athletes from
Idi Amin Dada seized power in a military coup d'état from President
Milton Obote, beginning eight years of military rule in Uganda.
Three independent observing campaigns announced the discovery of
OGLE-2005-BLG-390Lb, a super-Earth extrasolar planet 21,500 ± 3,300
light years away from Earth near the center of the Milky Way.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(US) Fine, excellent
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The strongest natures, when they are influenced, submit the most
unreservedly; it is perhaps a sign of their strength.
Show replies by date