NeXT was an American computer company headquartered in Redwood City,
California that developed and manufactured a series of computer workstations
intended for the higher education and business markets. NeXT was founded in
1985 by Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs after his forced resignation
from Apple. NeXT introduced the first NeXT Computer in 1988, and the smaller
NeXTStation in 1990. Sales of the NeXT computers were relatively limited,
with estimates of about 50,000 units shipped in total. Nevertheless its
innovative object-oriented NeXTSTEP operating system and development
environment were highly influential. NeXT later released much of the
NeXTSTEP system as a programming environment standard called OpenStep. NeXT
withdrew from the hardware business in 1993 to concentrate on marketing
OPENSTEP for several OEMs. NeXT also developed WebObjects, one of the first
Enterprise web application frameworks. WebObjects never became very popular
because of its initial high price of $50,000 but remains a prominent early
example of a web server based on dynamic page generation rather than static
content. Apple purchased NeXT on December 20, 1996 for $429 million, and
much of the current Mac OS X system is built on the OPENSTEP foundation.
WebObjects is now bundled with Mac OS X Server and Xcode.
Read the rest of this article:
Today's selected anniversaries:
Constantine the Great defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge
in Rome, leading him to end the Tetrarchy and become the only ruler of the
In New York Harbor, U.S. President Grover Cleveland dedicated the Statue of
Liberty, a gift from France, to commemorate the centennial of the United
States Declaration of Independence.
The Balkans Campaign in World War II: Italy invaded Greece after Greek prime
minister Ioannis Metaxas rejected Italian dictator Benito Mussolini's
ultimatum demanding the occupation of Greek territory.
The Kingdom of the Netherlands was re-founded as a federacy with the
proclamation of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Nostra Aetate, the "Declaration on the Relation of the Church with
Non-Christian Religions" of the Second Vatican Council, was promulgated by
Pope Paul VI, absolving the Jews of the killing of Jesus, and calling for
increased relations with all non-Christian religions.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
gregarious: (adj) 1. Describing one who enjoys being in crowds and
2. (zoology) Of animals that travel in herds or packs.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
After bread, education is the first need of the people.