Baldwin of Forde (c. 1125 – 1190) was Archbishop of Canterbury between
1185 and 1190. The son of a clergyman, he studied canon law and
theology at Bologna and was tutor to Pope Eugene III's nephew before
returning to England to serve successive bishops of Exeter. After
becoming a Cistercian monk he was named abbot of his monastery, and
subsequently elected to the episcopate at Worcester. Before becoming a
bishop, he wrote theological works and sermons, some of which have
survived. As a bishop Baldwin came to the attention of King Henry II of
England, who was so impressed he insisted that Baldwin become
archbishop. In that office, Baldwin quarrelled with his cathedral
clergy over the founding of a church, which led to the imprisonment of
the clergy in their cloister for more than a year. Baldwin spent some
time in Wales with Gerald of Wales, preaching and raising money for the
Third Crusade. After the coronation of King Richard I of England, the
new king sent Baldwin ahead to the Holy Land, where he became embroiled
in the politics of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Baldwin died in the Holy
Land while participating in the crusade; his long-running dispute with
his clergy led one chronicler to characterise Baldwin as more damaging
to Christianity than Saladin. (more...)
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Today's selected anniversaries:
A mutiny by captive Madagascans began at sea on the slave ship Meermin,
leading to the ship's destruction, and subsequent rulings in the Dutch
East India Company's Council of Justice were a "huge step in the
recognition of oppressed people as free-thinking individuals."
Competition between two merchants in Lincoln County, New Mexico
Territory, US, turned into a range war when a member of one faction was
murdered by the other.
World War II: The Imperial Japanese Army began the systematic
extermination of perceived hostile elements among Chinese Singaporeans.
Joseph Goebbels , Hitler's propaganda minister, delivered the
Sportpalast speech to motivate the German people when the tide of World
War II was turning against Germany.
Rebels attacked the presidential palace in Niamey, Niger, and replaced
President Mamadou Tandja with a ruling junta, the Supreme Council for
the Restoration of Democracy.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
Feel or express compassion or sympathy for (someone or something)
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The Great Spirit does not toil within the bounds of human time, place,
The Great Spirit is superior to these human questionings. It teems
with many rich and wandering drives which to our shallow minds seem
contradictory; but in the essence of divinity they fraternize and
struggle together, faithful comrades-in-arms.
The primordial Spirit branches out, overflows, struggles, fails,
succeeds, trains itself. It is the Rose of the Winds.
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