Lastovo is an island, town and municipality in the Dubrovnik-Neretva
County in Croatia. The island has an area of 46 kmÂ² and a population,
of 835 of which 93% are ethnic Croats. The municipality is slightly
larger, as it includes another 46 islands and islets, covering a total
area of approximately 56 kmÂ². The island is rich in architecture,
featuring many buildings from the 15th and 16th centuries. There are a
large number of churches for the island's size, a testament to the
island's long-standing Roman Catholic tradition. Lastovo's major
cultural event, aside from the normal celebrations on the Catholic
calendar, is the event known as the Poklad. The island relies
primarily on its natural beauty and preservation to attract a
reasonable number of tourists each season. Lastovo, like the rest of
Roman Dalmatia, was settled by Illyrians. Around the year 1000, the
Venetians attacked the island due to the its participation in piracy
along the Adriatic, destroying the settlement. In the 13th century,
Lastovo joined the Dubrovnik Republic, where it mostly enjoyed a
certain level of autonomy until the republic's conquest by the French
under Napoleon. Austria then ruled the island for the next two
centuries until it finally became a part of Croatia.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Brigham Young led the first group of Mormon pioneers into Salt Lake
Valley, then part of Mexico.
In the Peruvian Andes, Hiram Bingham re-discovered Machu Picchu
(pictured), "the Lost City of the Incas".
The Menin Gate war memorial in Ypres, Belgium was unveiled.
World War II: RAF Bomber Command started Operation Gomorrah, the
strategic bombing of Hamburg, Germany.
Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the last Tsar of Bulgaria when he was a
child, was sworn in as Prime Minister of Bulgaria, becaming the only
monarch in history to regain political power through democratic
election to a different office.
Wikiquote of the day:
There is one story and one story only. Dwell on her graciousness,
dwell on her smiling, Do not forget what flowers The great boar
trampled down in ivy time. Her brow was creamy as the long ninth wave,
Her sea-blue eyes were wild. But nothing promised that is not
performed. -- Robert Graves