[Wikimedia-l] Copyright on Xrays
wikimail at inbox.org
Mon Aug 20 12:33:28 UTC 2012
On Mon, Aug 20, 2012 at 8:20 AM, Max Harmony <maxh at sdf.lonestar.org> wrote:
> 2012/8/20 Anthony <wikimail at inbox.org>:
>> Under US law (I know very little about the law of other countries):
>> Unless the patient somehow contributed creatively to the image (broke
>> his bones in a certain creative pattern), it's certainly not the HMO
>> or patient. If the X-ray tech is an employee, then it's certainly not
>> the X-ray tech.
> But the copyright of a work for hire goes to the employer. The X-ray
> tech would get the copyright, but they're employed by the hospital.
> The hospital, in turn, is employed by the patient. As such, I would
> think the patient does own the copyright.
If the X-ray tech is an employee (and the work is created within the
scope of his employment, which I am assuming), then, under US law, the
tech never "gets the copyright". The employer is the author. The
tech is completely out of the loop.
As for the hospital being "employed by the patient", not in the sense
of work for hire law.
For the patient to get the copyright, they would need to enter into a
work for hire agreement, the details of which are long and which you
can easily find online.
> Is a similar logic not
> applied to, say, wedding photos, in which an photographer is employed
> by a company which is in turn employed by the couple?
Wedding photos are more complicated. I could see an argument, under
some factual circumstances, that the couple (and/or the decorator,
etc) might own copyright as a joint author. Or they may have employed
the photographer directly. Or they may have commissioned the work
under a work for hire agreement. Or they might have purchased the
copyright in a copyright transfer. Or they might just not own the
copyright in the work at all.
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