Como estamos a ter uma discussão sobre o assunto neste momento, acho melhor
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2011/6/21 Ryan Kaldari <rkaldari(a)wikimedia.org>
It is important to clarify a few issues here. The images that can be hosted
on Wikimedia Commons are restricted by only two things:
1. The laws of the United States
2. The policies that have been approved by the Commons community
By policy (not law), Commons accepts media
- that are explicitly freely licensed, or
- that are in the public domain in at least the United States and in
the source country of the work.
Commons does not respect EU database rights or any other non-copyright laws
outside of the U.S.: "non-copyright related restrictions are not considered
relevant to the freeness requirements of Commons or by Wikimedia, and the
licensing policies are accordingly limited to regulating copyright related
Because the "source country public domain" requirement is policy-based and
not a legal requirement, the Commons community has chosen to create an
exception for reproductions of public domain works which are claimed to be
under copyright (even if these claims are enforceable in the source
country). It should be noted, however, that such claims are not limited to
Europe. Google and various institutions in the U.S. make such claims
routinely. These claims are not respected by either Commons or U.S. law,
That said, it is important for us to have positive relationships with
cultural institutions who are still making questionable copyright claims
over public domain works. For these institutions it is important to
emphasize the benefits that sharing such works bring to the institution (and
that sharing works widely is not counter to good stewardship), rather than
an approach of antagonistically leeching what they put on the web. Otherwise
we are not creating incentives for digitization and are actually limiting
what gets shared in the long run.
On 6/21/11 2:26 AM, Tomasz Ganicz wrote:
2011/6/20 Andrea Zanni <zanni.andrea84(a)gmail.com>
I'm having different news from all over the places about
the "copyright of scans".
Some say "what is in PD remains in PD", and this is WMF position, and
it appears that
American and European legislation go in this direction.
Some other (well, all the GLAMs I know) say there is at least the
copyright of the scan,
that is 20 years (as a photographic image).
At least in Poland (and I guess in many other EU countries) - scans
are not copyrightable at all - as they are just mechanical copies of
the original work which is actually PD. However, there is an
additional intelectual property right for database (even if a
database is a collection of digital copies of PD works it can be
copyrightable as a whole) and for "first publication of not yet known
archive materials". The last one - lasts in Poland for 20 years after
the date of the first publications. For example - if an archivist
finds an unique, not yet known work of Beethoven, which has not been
already published - the archivist has a rights similar to copyright
that works for 20 years after first publication. But it only applys if
the work was never ever published already - for example old uknown yet
manuscripts, paintings nad photos which were never exhibited in public
etc.. In Poland it is called "first finder rights".
In fact, every digital library write down in their footer that they
have copyright of the images,
and nonetheless Commoners and Wikisourcians download them all.
Internet Archive itself has a bot that crawls Google Books Search and
grabs the grabbable.
I guess Internet Archive can grab from Google mainly because in US
there is no database copyright regulations similar to the European
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