Andjar Asmara (1902–1961) was a dramatist and filmmaker active in the
cinema of the Dutch East Indies. Born in West Sumatra, he first found
employment as a reporter in Batavia (modern-day Jakarta) before becoming
a writer for the Padangsche Opera in Padang. In Padang he developed a
new, dialogue-centric style which later spread throughout the region.
After returning to Batavia in 1929 he spent several years as a theatre
and film critic before joining the Dardanella touring troupe. He left
Dardanella in 1936 to establish his own troupe and subsequently worked
at a publisher, writing serials based on successful films. In 1940 he
was asked to join The Teng Chun's company, Java Industrial Film, helping
with marketing and working as a director for two productions. Andjar
directed three films in the late 1940s and wrote four screenplays before
spending the remainder of his life writing serials based on local films
and publishing film criticism. Historians recognise him as a pioneer of
theatre and one of the first native Indonesian film directors.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andjar_Asmara>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Eighty Years' War: Soldiers of the Spanish Tercios waded across
the river Scheldt at its mouth, walking overnight in water to chest
height, to relieve the siege of Goes in the Spanish Netherlands.
The Military Revolutionary Committee of the Petrograd Soviet,
in charge of preparing for and carrying out the Russian Revolution, held
its first meeting.
African-American college football player Johnny Bright was the
victim of an on-field assault that eventually provoked changes in NCAA
football rules and mandated the use of more protective helmets with face
The Soviet Union performed the first armed test of a submarine-
launched ballistic missile, launching an R-13 (monument pictured) from a
Golf class submarine.
Roger Patterson and Robert Gimlin filmed an unidentified
subject at Six Rivers National Forest in California who they claimed was
Wiktionary's word of the day:
Of the shape of a hook; hook-shaped.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
A society which is mobile, which is full of channels for the
distribution of a change occurring anywhere, must see to it that its
members are educated to personal initiative and adaptability. Otherwise,
they will be overwhelmed by the changes in which they are caught and
whose significance or connections they do not perceive.
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