The Single Transferable Vote (STV) is a preferential voting system
designed to minimise wasted votes and provide proportional
representation in multi-candidate elections while ensuring that votes
are explicitly for candidates rather than party lists. STV voting
systems achieve this by initially allocating an individual's vote to
their most preferred candidate and then subsequently transferring
unneeded or unused votes after candidates are either elected or
eliminated according to the voter's stated preferences. STV is
promoted as a proportional representation method in multi-party
multi-seat elections. In Australia, it is known as the Hare-Clark
Proportional method, while the same system with parties able to
indicate preferences is called simply STV. When STV methods are
applied to single-seat elections, they simplify to instant-runoff
voting and have different proportionality implications for a similar
ballot due to the existence of only one winner.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The Duke of Lancaster deposed Richard II to become Henry IV of
England, merging the Duchy of Lancaster with the crown.
Seretse Khama became the first President of Botswana when the
Bechuanaland Protectorate gained independence from the United Kingdom.
Ethernet specifications were first published by Xerox, Intel and
Digital Equipment Corporation.
The sitcom Cheers was first broadcast on U.S. television.
Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was overthrown in a coup
d'état and replaced by General Raoul Cédras. A large-scale exodus of
boat people ensued.
Wikiquote of the day:
"Your task is not to seek for love, but merely to seek and find all
the barriers within yourself that you have built against it." -- Jalal
al-Din Muhammad Rumi