Sikhism is a religion that began in sixteenth century Northern India
with the teachings of Nanak and nine successive human Gurus. This
system of religious philosophy and expression has been traditionally
known as the Gurmat. Sikhism is the ninth-largest organised religion
in the world. The principal belief in Sikhism is faith in one God —
Vāhigurū. Sikhism advocates the pursual of salvation through
disciplined, personal meditation on the name and message of God. The
followers of Sikhism are ordained to follow the teachings of the ten
Sikh Gurus, or enlightened leaders, as well as the holy scripture —
the Gurū Granth Sāhib — which includes the selected works of many
authors from diverse socioeconomic and religious backgrounds. The
was decreed by Gobind Singh as the final guru of the Khalsa Panth.
Adherents of Sikhism are known as Sikhs and number over 23 million
across the world. However, most Sikhs live in the state of Punjab in
India; prior to partition, millions of Sikhs used to live in what is
now the Punjab province of Pakistan.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Robert Fulton started the first commercial steamboat service in the
Bridget Driscoll became the first person to be killed in a
petrol-driven car accident.
World War I: Ignoring orders to retreat, Hermann von François led a
successful counterattack defending East Prussia in the Battle of
Stalluponen and scored the first German victory in the Eastern Front.
East German border guards shot and killed Peter Fechter as he
attempted to cross the Berlin Wall into West Berlin.
President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq of Pakistan was killed in a plane crash.
Wikiquote of the day:
"One isn't born one's self. One is born with a mass of expectations,
mass of other people's ideas — and you have to work through it all."
-- V.S. Naipaul