India is a large multicultural country in South Asia, with a
population of over one billion. The Indian economy is the fourth
largest in the world in terms of purchasing power parity and is the
world's second-fastest growing economy. India is also the second most
populous country in the world, and the world's largest democracy.
India has grown significantly, in terms of both population and
strategic importance, in the last 20 years. It has also emerged as an
important regional power, with one of the world's largest militaries
and a declared nuclear weapons capability. Strategically located in
Asia, constituting most of the Indian subcontinent, India straddles
many busy trade routes. It shares its borders with Pakistan, the
People's Republic of China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan and
Afghanistan. Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia are the nearby
island nations in the Indian Ocean. Home to some of the most ancient
civilizations in the world, India was formally ruled by the British
for almost 90 years before gaining independence in 1947.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
1901 - U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt delivered a speech to the House
of Representatives asking Congress to curb the power of trusts
"within reasonable limits".
1904 - The Jovian moon Himalia was discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine
at Lick Observatory.
1967 - A team headed by Christiaan Barnard at Groote Schuur Hospital in
Cape Town, South Africa, performed the first heart transplant on
a human, 53-year-old Lewis Washkansky.
1984 - The Bhopal gas tragedy resulted in more than 2000 killed and
between 150,000 and 600,000 injured in the Indian city of Bhopal.
Wikiquote of the day:
"Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the
overcoming of it. My optimism, then, does not rest on the absence
of evil, but on a glad belief in the preponderance of good and a
willing effort always to cooperate with the good, that it may
prevail." ~ Helen Keller