Charles I was King of England, Scotland, and Ireland from 27 March
1625, until his execution. He famously engaged in a struggle for power
with Parliament; he was an advocate of the divine right of kings. Many
in England therefore feared that he was attempting to gain absolute
power. There was widespread opposition to many of his actions,
especially the levying of taxes without Parliament's consent. This is
one of the many manifestations of popular discontent with an absolute
monarchy. The last years of Charles's reign were marked by the English
Civil War; he was opposed by the forces of Parliament and by Puritans.
The war ended in defeat for Charles, who was subsequently tried,
convicted and executed for high treason. The monarchy was overthrown,
and a republic was established.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
King Charles I was beheaded for high treason in front of the
Banqueting House in London during the English Civil War.
Edward Bransfield of the Royal Navy landed on the mainland of
Adolf Hitler was sworn in as Chancellor of Germany.
Nathuram Godse bowed before Mahatma Gandhi, wished him well, then shot
him to death with a Beretta pistol.
Vietnam War: Viet Cong forces launched the T?t Offensive on Vietnamese
New Year's Day.
Wikiquote of the day:
"The only thing we have to fear is fear itself — nameless,
unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to
convert retreat into advance." -- Franklin D. Roosevelt