The climate of India comprises a wide range of weather conditions
across a vast geographic scale and varied topography, making
generalisations difficult. Based on the Köppen system, India hosts six
major climatic subtypes, ranging from arid desert in the west, alpine
tundra and glaciers in the north, and humid tropical regions
supporting rainforests in the southwest and the island territories.
Many regions have starkly different microclimates. The nation has four
seasons: winter (January and February), summer (March to May), a
monsoon (rainy) season (June–September), and a post-monsoon period
(October–December). India's unique geography and geology strongly
influence its climate; this is particularly true of the Himalayas in
the north and the Thar Desert in the northwest. The Himalayas act as a
barrier to the frigid katabatic winds flowing down from Central Asia.
Thus, North India is kept warm or only mildly cooled during winter; in
summer, the same phenomenon makes India relatively hot. Although the
Tropic of Cancer—the boundary between the tropics and
subtropics—passes through the middle of India, the whole country is
considered to be tropical. As in much of the tropics, monsoonal and
other weather conditions in India are unstable: major droughts,
floods, cyclones and other natural disasters are sporadic, but have
killed or displaced millions.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
French Revolution: Parisians stormed the Bastille, freeing its
inmates and taking the prison's large quantities of arms and
The Sedition Act became United States law, making it a federal crime
to write, publish, or utter false or malicious statements about the
Gleichschaltung: All political parties in Germany were outlawed,
except the National Socialist German Workers Party.
King Faisal II, the last king of Iraq, was overthrown by a military
coup d'état led by Abd al-Karim Qasim.
The NASA spacecraft Mariner 4 flew past Mars, collecting the first
close-up pictures of another planet.
Wiktionary's Word of the day:
ratify: To give formal consent to; make officially valid.
Wikiquote of the day:
Nobody living can ever stop meAs I go walking my freedom highwayNobody
living can make me turn backThis land is made for you and me.
-- Woody Guthrie