Jocelin was a 12th century Cistercian monk and cleric, who became the
fourth Abbot of Melrose before becoming Bishop of Glasgow. He was
probably born in the 1130s, and in his teenage years became a monk of
Melrose Abbey. He rose in the service of Abbot Waltheof, and, by the
time of the short abbacy of Waltheof's successor Abbot William,
Jocelin had become prior. Then in 1170 Jocelin himself became abbot, a
position he held for four years. Jocelin was responsible for promoting
the cult of the emerging Saint Waltheof, and in this had the support
of Enguerrand, Bishop of Glasgow. As Bishop of Glasgow, he was a royal
official. In this capacity he traveled abroad on several occasions,
and performed the marriage ceremony between King William the Lion and
Ermengarde de Beaumont, later baptizing their son, the future King
Alexander II. Among other things, he has been credited by modern
historians as "the founder of the burgh of Glasgow and initiator of
the Glasgow fair", as well as being one of the greatest literary
patrons in medieval Scotland, commissioning the Life of St Waltheof
and the Life of St Kentigen and the Chronicle of Melrose.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Julius Caesar scored his final military victory in the Battle of
Munda, defeating the Optimate forces of Titus Labienus and Pompey the
History of Islam: Muslims of Medina defeated the Quraish of Mecca in
the Battle of Badr.
The discovery of californium, a radioactive transuranium element, was
Vanguard 1, the first solar-powered satellite, was launched. It is the
oldest human-launched object still in Earth orbit today.
Golda Meir of the Labour Party became the fourth Prime Minister of
Wikiquote of the day:
Straighten up and fly right Cool down, papa, don't you blow your top.
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