Douglas MacArthur (1880–1964) was an American general who played a
prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II. He received
the Medal of Honor, as did his father, was one of only five men to rise
to the rank of General of the Army in the U.S. Army, and was the only
man to become a field marshal in the Philippine Army. After graduating
first in his West Point class in 1903, MacArthur participated in the
1914 occupation of Veracruz and served on the Western Front during
World War I, becoming the U.S. Army's youngest major general.
Thereafter he held a variety of posts, including Superintendent of West
Point and Chief of Staff. He retired in 1937, but was recalled to active
duty during World War II. After the Japanese invasion of the
Philippines, he escaped with his family and staff to Australia, where he
became Supreme Commander, Southwest Pacific Area. He fulfilled a famous
pledge to return to the Philippines, and officially accepted Japan's
surrender on 2 September 1945. Overseeing the occupation of Japan from
1945 to 1951, he implemented many reforms, and led the United Nations
Command in the Korean War until President Harry Truman had him relieved
of his commands in April 1951.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_MacArthur>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Spanish navigator, explorer, and conquistador Vicente Yáñez
Pinzón reached the north coast of what today is Brazil.
Livonian War: A Lithuanian surprise attack resulted in a
decisive defeat of the numerically superior Russian forces.
American Civil War: After the disastrous result of the Battle
of Fredericksburg and a failed offensive against Robert E. Lee, Union
Army General Ambrose Burnside was relieved from command of the Army of
Spontaneous anti-British riots erupted in Cairo following the
killings of 50 Egyptian auxiliary police the day before.
Factions led by warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid and his rebel
group, the United Somali Congress, ousted President of Somalia Siad
Barre from office.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(theology) Having one and the same nature or essence, especially with
regard to the persons of the Trinity.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
￼ Let's give this entity which you call soul another name.
Soul has too many incorrect meanings for humans, too many verbal
reverberations, too many contrary definitions. Speak the word soul, and
unbelievers will automatically become deaf to what follows. Those who
believe in souls will always hear you through the mental constructs that
they formed on Earth. Let us call this nonmatter twin the... ah... ka…
--Philip José Farmer
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