The Battle of Red Cliffs was a decisive battle at the end of the Han
Dynasty, immediately prior to the period of the Three Kingdoms in China in
the northern winter of 208 CE between the allied forces of the southern
warlords Liu Bei and Sun Quan, and the numerically superior forces of the
northern warlord Cao Cao. Liu Bei and Sun Quan successfully frustrated Cao
Cao's effort to conquer the land south of the Yangtze River and reunite the
territory of the Eastern Han Dynasty. The allied victory at Red Cliffs
ensured the survival of Liu Bei and Sun Quan, gave them control of the
Yangtze, and provided a line of defence that was the basis for the later
creation of the two southern kingdoms of Shu Han and Eastern Wu. For these
reasons, it is considered a decisive battle in Chinese history. Descriptions
of the battle differ widely on details; in fact, even the location of battle
is still fiercely debated. The most detailed account of the battle comes
from the biography of Zhou Yu in the 3rd-century historical text Records of
Three Kingdoms. An exaggerated and romanticised account is also a central
event in Romance of the Three Kingdoms, one of the Four Great Classical
Novels of Chinese literature.
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Wiktionary's word of the day:
affable (adj) 1. Friendly, courteous, sociable; receiving others kindly
and conversing with them in a free and friendly manner.
2. Mild; benign.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The main Business of natural Philosophy is to argue from Phenomena without
feigning Hypotheses, and to deduce Causes from Effects, till we come to the
very first Cause, which certainly is not mechanical. --Isaac Newton