During the period from 1911 to 1941, Sino-German cooperation was often
close, culminating in an alliance between the Republic of China and
Germany. Close cooperation dating back to the 1920s was instrumental
in modernizing the industry and the armed forces of the Republic of
China, especially in the period immediately preceding the Second
Sino-Japanese War. Succeeding the Qing Dynasty in 1912, the Republic
of China was fraught with factional warlordism from the inside and
foreign incursions from the outside. The Northern Expedition of 1928
nominally unified China for the first time under Kuomintang control,
yet Imperial Japan emerged as the greatest foreign threat. The Chinese
urgency to modernize the military and its national defense industry,
coupled with Germany's need for a stable supply of raw materials, put
the two countries on the road of close relations from the late 1920s
to the late 1930s. Although the period of intense cooperation was
relatively short, lasting only from the Nazi takeover of Germany in
1933 to the start of the war with Japan in 1937, it had a profound
effect on the modernization efforts of China, as well as her
capability to resist the Japanese in the war.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Edward of Caernarvon, the future King Edward II, became the first
English heir apparent to hold the title as Prince of Wales.
HMS Orpheus sank off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
NASA astronaut Bruce McCandless II performed the first untethered
spacewalk using a Manned Maneuvering Unit.
The Maastricht Treaty, which led to the formation of the European
Union, was signed in Maastricht, the Netherlands.
Wikiquote of the day:
"He judged it not fit to determine anything rashly; and seemed to
doubt whether those different forms of religion might not all come
from God, who might inspire man in a different manner, and be pleased
with this variety; he therefore thought it indecent and foolish for
any man to threaten and terrify another to make him believe what did
not appear to him to be true." -- Thomas More