The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between
Portugal and the guerrilla forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front. It
began on September 25, 1964, and ended with a cease fire on September 8,
1974. The war erupted from unrest and frustration amongst many
indigenous Mozambican populations, who perceived foreign rule to be a
form of exploitation and resented Portugal's policies towards indigenous
people. As successful self-determination movements spread throughout
Africa after World War II, many Mozambicans became progressively
nationalistic in outlook. For the other side, many enculturated
indigenous Africans who were fully integrated into the social
organization of Portuguese Mozambique reacted to the independentist
claims with discomfort and suspicion. The ethnic Portuguese of the
territory, including most of the ruling authorities, responded with
increased military presence and fast-paced development projects. The
Portuguese regular army held the upper hand during the conflict
(propaganda pictured) but Mozambique achieved independence in 1975 after
the Carnation Revolution in Portugal, ending 470 years of Portuguese
colonial rule in the East African region.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozambican_War_of_Independence>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Led by Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, the Hasanid branch of the
Alids began the Alid Revolt against the Abbasid Caliphate.
The Russian frigate Alexander Nevsky wrecked off northwestern
Jutland, nearly drowning Grand Duke Alexei (pictured).
World War II: British troops began their withdrawal from the
Battle of Arnhem in the Netherlands, ending the Allies' Operation Market
Garden in defeat.
The first surgery to replace the ulnar collateral ligament,
commonly known as the Tommy John surgery after the first patient, was
performed by Dr. Frank Jobe.
The last Magdalene asylum, an Irish institution to rehabilitate
so-called "fallen women", was closed.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
To satirize or poke fun at.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
What I do is based on powers we all have inside us; the ability
to endure; the ability to love, to carry on, to make the best of what we
have — and you don’t have to be a "Superman" to do it.
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