The 68th New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment served in the Union Army
during the American Civil War. The men were recruited mostly from
Manhattan, but some came from New Jersey, Maryland, and Pennsylvania.
Most were German immigrants, and many of the officers had served in the
armies of Austria, Prussia, and other German states. Organized in July
1861, three months after the outbreak of war, they were initially
assigned to the defense of Washington, D.C., with the Army of the
Potomac, and later fought at the Battle of Cross Keys in the Shenandoah
Valley. They found themselves in the thick of the fighting at Second
Bull Run, and were routed by Confederate forces at Chancellorsville. At
Gettysburg, they saw battle on two of the three days and took heavy
losses. The regiment was then transferred to the west and participated
in the Chattanooga campaign. They assisted in the Union victories at
Wauhatchie and Missionary Ridge, and marched to relieve the siege of
Knoxville. They spent the last year of the war on occupation duty in
Tennessee and Georgia, before being disbanded in November 1865.
Today's selected anniversaries:
Two days after becoming the first recorded person to complete a
transcontinental crossing of North America north of Mexico, Scottish
explorer Alexander Mackenzie reached the westernmost point of his
journey and inscribed his name on a rock (pictured).
Gia Long conquered Hanoi and unified modern-day Vietnam, which
had experienced centuries of feudal warfare.
In opposition to the Polish government-in-exile, the Polish
Committee of National Liberation published its manifesto, calling for
radical reforms, a continuation of fighting in World War II against Nazi
Germany, nationalisation of industry, and a "decent border in the West".
Stanley Forman took the photo Fire Escape Collapse, which would
receive the Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography and the title of
World Press Photo of the Year.
London metropolitan police killed Jean Charles de Menezes, a
Brazilian immigrant, after misidentifying him as being involved in the
previous day's failed bombing attempts on the city.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(music) A poem or song having a line or phrase repeated at regular
Wikiquote quote of the day:
He brings man's freedom in his hands, Not as a coin that may be
spent or lost But as a living fire within the heart, Never quite
quenched — because he brings to all, The thought, the wish, the dream
of brotherhood, Never and never to be wholly lost, The water and the
bread of the oppressed, The stay and succor of the resolute, The harness
of the valiant and the brave, The new word that has changed the shaken
world. And, though he die, his word shall grow like wheat And every time
a child is born, In pain and love and freedom hardly won, Born and gone
forth to help and aid mankind, There will be women with a right to say
"Gloria, gloria in excelsis deo! A child is born!"
--Stephen Vincent Benét
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