The Central London Railway was a railway company established in 1889 to
construct a deep-level underground "tube" railway in London. Funding
for construction was obtained in 1895 through a syndicate of financiers
and construction work took place from 1896 to 1900. When opened in
1900, the railway served 13 stations and ran completely underground in
a pair of tunnels between its western terminus at Shepherd's Bush and
its eastern terminus at the Bank of England. After a rejected proposal
to turn the line into a loop, it was extended at the western end to
Wood Lane in 1908 and at the eastern end to Liverpool Street station in
1912. In 1920, it was extended along a Great Western Railway line to
Ealing. After initially making good returns for investors, the railway
suffered a decline in passenger numbers due to increased competition
from other underground railway lines and new motorised buses. In 1913,
it was taken over by the Underground Electric Railways Company of
London, operator of the majority of London's underground railways. In
1933 the two companies were taken into public ownership and, today, the
railway's tunnels and stations form the central section of the London
Underground's Central line.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The caliph al-Mansur founded Baghdad along the River Tigris as the new
capital of the Abbasid Caliphate.
Malden Island , now one of Kiribati's Line Islands, was discovered.
American Civil War: Union forces failed to break Confederate lines by
exploding a large mine under their trenches at the Battle of the Crater
in Petersburg, Virginia.
American labor union leader Jimmy Hoffa mysteriously disappeared after
last being seen outside a restaurant near Detroit.
Lebanon War: The Israeli Air Force attacked a three-story building near
the South Lebanese village of Qana, killing at least 28 civilians,
including 16 children.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. A serf or bondsman born into servitude.
2. A fist
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Does it really matter,
As long as you're not afraid to feel?
Touch me, hold me.
How my open arms ache!
Try to fall for me.
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