Abu Musab al-Zarqawi was the leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq. Zarqawi took
responsibility, on several audiotapes, for numerous acts of terrorism
in Iraq and Jordan. These acts include suicide bombings, and the
killing of soldiers, police officers, and civilians. As an Islamist
that identified with the Salafi movement, Zarqawi opposed the presence
of United States and Western military forces in the Islamic world and
opposed the West's support for and the existence of Israel. In
September 2005, he reportedly declared "all-out war" on Shia Muslims
in Iraq and is believed responsible for dispatching numerous Al-Qaeda
suicide bombers throughout Iraq, especially to areas with large
concentrations of Shia civilians. As the leader of Al-Qaeda in Iraq he
is suspected of responsibility for thousands of deaths. Zarqawi was
killed in a US airstrike in June, 2006.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Admiral Yi Sun Sin's Korean navy defeated the Japanese fleet in the
Battle of Noryang Point, the final naval battle of the Imjin War.
The Protectorate: Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector of the
Commonwealth of England.
The Parliament of England adopted the Bill of Rights, declaring that
Englishmen possessed certain positive civil and political rights.
Boston Tea Party: To protest the British Tea Act, members of the Sons
of Liberty dumped crates of tea break from three British East India
Company ships into Boston Harbor.
The Indo-Pakistani War ended when Pakistani forces in East Pakistan
surrendered. This also effectively ended the Bangladesh Liberation War
and led to Bangladesh's independence from Pakistan.
Wikiquote of the day:
What renders man an imaginative and moral being is that in society he
gives new aims to his life which could not have existed in solitude:
the aims of friendship, religion, science, and art. -- George