The Imperial Japanese Navy was the navy of Japan from 1869 until 1947,
when it was dissolved following Japan's renouncement of the use of
force as a means of settling international disputes in its post-World
War II Constitution of Japan. The origins of the Imperial Japanese
Navy trace back to early interactions with states on the Asian
continent at the beginning of the medieval period, and reached a peak
of activity during the 16th and 17th century at a time of cultural
exchange with European powers during the Age of Discovery. After two
centuries of stagnation during the country's ensuing seclusion policy
under the shoguns of the Edo period, Japan's navy was comparatively
backward when the country was forced open to trade by American
intervention in 1854. This eventually led to the Meiji Restoration, a
period of frantic modernization and industrialization accompanied by
the re-ascendance of the emperor. The navy's history of successes,
sometimes against much more powerful foes as in the 1895 Sino-Japanese
war and the 1905 Russo-Japanese War, ended with almost complete
annihilation in 1945 against the United States Navy, and official
dissolution at the end of the conflict.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The Diet of Worms was convened to discuss Martin Luther and the
Protestant Reformation in the Holy Roman Empire.
A Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen
approached the coast of Antarctica.
A locomotive on the Panama Railway made the world's first
A symbolic Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was installed beneath the Arc
de Triomphe in Paris.
NASA Space Shuttle Challenger exploded 73 seconds into its tenth
Wikiquote of the day:
"Sit down and put down everything that comes into your head and then
you're a writer. But an author is one who can judge his own stuff's
worth, without pity, and destroy most of it." -- Colette