Article One of the United States Constitution establishes the
legislative branch of government, Congress, which includes the House
of Representatives and the Senate. The Article establishes the manner
of election and qualifications of members of each House. In addition,
it outlines legislative procedure and indicates the powers of the
legislative branch. Finally, it establishes limits on federal and
state legislative power. Article One is the longest of the seven
Articles forming the original United States Constitution. Amendments
to Article One, unlike amendments to other articles, are restricted by
the Constitution. No amendment made prior to 1808 could affect the
first and fourth clauses of Section Nine. The former clause concerns
prevented Congress from prohibiting the slave trade until 1808; the
latter required direct taxes to be apportioned among the states
according to their populations. Furthermore, the Constitution
precludes Congress from depriving a state of equal representation in
the Senate without its consent.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Umayyad troops led by Tariq ibn-Ziyad landed at Gibraltar, beginning
the Moorish invasion of Iberia.
George Washington took office as the first President of the United
The Organization of American States was established in Bogotá,
Liberation Day in Vietnam: North Vietnamese troops captured Saigon,
ending the Vietnam War.
CERN announced that the World Wide Web would be free to everyone.
Wikiquote of the day:
"It is not knowledge, but the act of learning, not possession but the
act of getting there, which grants the greatest enjoyment. When I have
clarified and exhausted a subject, then I turn away from it, in order
to go into darkness again." -- Carl Friedrich Gauss