Juan Manuel de Rosas (30 March 1793 – 14 March 1877) was an army
officer who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine
Confederation. Like other wealthy provincial warlords, Rosas enlisted
rural workers from his landholdings in a private militia, and took part
in the numerous disputes and civil wars in his country. He eventually
became the undisputed leader of the Argentine army and the Federalist
Party. In 1831, he signed the Federal Pact, recognizing provincial
autonomy and creating the Argentine Confederation. He established a
dictatorship and formed the repressive Mazorca, an armed parapolice that
killed thousands of citizens. By 1848, after a war against the
Peru–Bolivian Confederation, a blockade by France, and a revolt in his
own province, he ruled all of Argentina, and was attempting to annex the
neighboring nations of Uruguay and Paraguay. When the Empire of Brazil
came to Uruguay's aid, Rosas declared war in August 1851. The short
Platine War ended with the defeat of Rosas and his flight to Britain.
His last years were spent in exile living as a tenant farmer.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Juan_Manuel_de_Rosas>
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