The 1962 South Vietnamese Independence Palace bombing in Saigon was an
aerial attack on February 27, 1962, by two dissident Vietnam Air Force
pilots, Second Lieutenant Nguyễn Văn Cử and First Lieutenant Phạm Phú
Quốc. The pilots targeted the Independence Palace, the official
residence of the President of South Vietnam, with the aim of
assassinating President Ngô Đình Diệm and his immediate family, who
acted as his political advisors. The pilots later stated that their
assassination attempt was in response to Diệm's autocratic rule, in
which he focused more on remaining in power than on confronting the
Vietcong. Cử and Quốc hoped that the airstrike would expose Diệm's
vulnerability and trigger a general uprising, but this failed to
materialise. One bomb penetrated a room in the western wing where Diệm
was reading but it failed to detonate, leading the president to claim
that he had "divine protection". With the exception of Diệm's
sister-in-law Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, who escaped with minor injuries, the
Ngo family were unscathed; however, three palace staff died and another
30 were injured. Afterwards, Cử managed to escape to Cambodia, but Quốc
was arrested and imprisoned. In the wake of the airstrike, Diệm became
hostile towards the American presence in South Vietnam. Diệm claimed
that the American media was seeking to bring him down and he introduced
new restrictions on press freedom and political association.
Domestically, the incident was reported to have increased plotting
against Diem by his officers.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The Hashshashin stronghold at Alamut in present-day Iran was captured
and destroyed by Hulagu Khan and the Mongols.
The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution,
collectively known as the Bill of Rights, were ratified.
The Great Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton Railway, a 14.17-kilometre
(8.80 mi) deep-level underground tube railway connecting Hammersmith
and Finsbury Park in London, opened.
The American Psychiatric Association removed homosexuality from its
official list of mental disorders, the DSM-II.
The European Court of Justice handed down the Bosman ruling, allowing
footballers in the European Union to freely transfer from one UEFA
Federation to another at the end of their contracts.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. Having the appearance of deep, often melancholic, thinking.
2. Looking thoughtful, especially from sadness
Wikiquote quote of the day:
It's kind of fun to do the impossible.
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