The 1958 US–UK Mutual Defence Agreement is a bilateral treaty between
the United States and the United Kingdom on nuclear weapons co-
operation. It allows the two countries to exchange nuclear materials,
technology and information, and was signed on 3 July 1958, after the
British hydrogen bomb programme successfully tested a thermonuclear
device. While the US has nuclear co-operation agreements with other
countries, including France and other NATO countries, this agreement is
by far the most comprehensive. Exemplifying the Anglo-American Special
Relationship, it allowed American nuclear weapons to be supplied under
Project E. The treaty has proved mutually beneficial, and paved the way
for the Polaris Sales Agreement and the Trident nuclear programme
submarines, including HMS Victorious (pictured), all of which use
American missiles with British nuclear warheads. The most recent renewal
of the treaty extended it to 31 December 2024.
Today's selected anniversaries:
Arnold Schoenberg conducted the Vienna Concert Society in a
concert of expressionist music that so shocked the audience that they
began to riot (depicted).
To avoid government censorship, Hollywood movie studios
instituted their own set of industry censorship guidelines, popularly
known as the Hays Code.
Nine Japanese communists armed with samurai swords and pipe
bombs hijacked Japan Airlines Flight 351 en route from Tokyo to Fukuoka.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (US, colloquial) Overcome with emotion, choked up.
2. (US, colloquial) Flustered, nervous, overwhelmed.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
We have suffered unnumbered ills and crimes in the name of the
Law of the Land. Our men, women, and children have suffered not only the
basic brutality of stoop labor, and the most obvious injustices of the
system; they have also suffered the desperation of knowing that the
system caters to the greed of callous men and not to our needs. Now we
will suffer for the purpose of ending the poverty, the misery, and the
injustice, with the hope that our children will not be exploited as we
have been. They have imposed hunger on us, and now we hunger for
justice. We draw our strength from the very despair in which we have
been forced to live. We shall endure.
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