Grover Cleveland (1837–1908) was both the 22nd and 24th President of
the United States. Cleveland is the only President to serve two
non-consecutive terms (1885–1889 and 1893–1897) and therefore is the
only individual to be counted twice in the numbering of the presidents.
He was the winner of the popular vote for President three times—in
1884, 1888, and 1892—and was the only Democrat elected to the
Presidency in the era of Republican political domination that lasted
from 1860 to 1912. Cleveland's admirers praise him for his honesty,
independence, integrity, and commitment to the principles of classical
liberalism. As a leader of the Bourbon Democrats, he opposed
imperialism, taxes, subsidies and inflationary policies, but as a
reformer he also worked against corruption, patronage, and bossism.
Critics complained that he had little imagination and seemed
overwhelmed by the nation's economic disasters—depressions and
strikes—in his second term. Even so, his reputation for honesty and
good character survived the troubles of his second term.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
In opposition to licensing and censorship during the English Civil War,
John Milton's Areopagitica was published, arguing for the right to free
William III of the Netherlands died without a living male heir,
allowing his ten-year-old daughter Wilhelmina to succeed him to the
The first episode of Doctor Who premiered on BBC television, with
William Hartnell in the titular role, eventually becoming the
longest-running science fiction television show in the world.
The People's Republic of China was given China's permanent seat on the
United Nations Security Council.
Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 was hijacked by three Ethiopians seeking
political asylum, then crashed into the Indian Ocean near Comoros after
running out of fuel, killing 125 of the 175 people on board.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
A collection of entities that creates a unified concept, configuration,
or pattern which is greater than the sum of its parts
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Though all the winds of doctrine were let loose to play on the earth,
so Truth be in the field, we do injuriously by licensing and
prohibiting misdoubt her strength. Let her and Falsehood grapple; who
ever knew Truth put to the worse in a free and open encounter?
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