Schmerber v. California (1966) was a landmark US Supreme Court case that
clarified whether a search warrant is required before taking blood
samples from a suspect, and whether those samples may be introduced into
evidence in a criminal prosecution. In a 5–4 opinion, the court held
that forced extraction of a blood sample is not compelled testimony and
does not violate the Fifth Amendment privilege against self-
incrimination. The court also held that search warrants are ordinarily
required by the Fourth Amendment for intrusions into the human body,
except under exigent circumstances. In 2013, the Supreme Court specified
in Missouri v. McNeely that a warrant may be required for a blood sample
from someone suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol, even
though their blood alcohol level is likely to drop before a warrant can
be obtained. Because the court's ruling in Schmerber prohibited the use
of warrantless blood tests in most circumstances, some commentators
argue that the decision was responsible for the proliferation of
breathalyzers to test for alcohol and urine analyses to test for
controlled substances in criminal investigations.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schmerber_v._California>
Today's selected anniversaries:
A garrison of the British army in India was imprisoned in the
Black Hole of Calcutta in conditions so cramped that at least 43 died.
The Congress of the Confederation adopted the Great Seal of the
United States, used to authenticate certain documents issued by the
Victoria succeeded to the British throne, starting a reign that
lasted for more than 63 years.
Boxer Rebellion: The Imperial Chinese Army began a 55-day siege
of the Legation Quarter in Beijing.
During the Iranian election protests, the death of Neda Agha-
Soltan was captured on video and widely distributed on the Internet,
making it "probably the most widely witnessed death in human history".
Wiktionary's word of the day:
economical with the truth:
(idiomatic, euphemistic) Not telling the whole truth, especially in
order to present a false image of a situation; untruthful; lying. Often
used with sarcasm or satire.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
All of us have the privilege of making music that helps and heals
— to make music that makes people happier, stronger and kinder. Don't
forget: music is God's voice.
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