Gilbert Foliot (c. 1110 – 1187) was a medieval English monk and
prelate, successively Abbot of Gloucester, Bishop of Hereford (Hereford
Cathedral pictured) and Bishop of London. He became a monk at Cluny
Abbey and was appointed Abbot of Gloucester in 1139. During the papal
council at Reims in 1148, he was appointed Bishop of Hereford by Pope
Eugene III. Despite promising not to recognise King Stephen, on
returning to England Foliot nevertheless swore fealty to him, causing a
temporary rift in his relationship with Henry of Anjou, the son of the
Empress Matilda (Stephen's rival for the crown) who became King Henry II
of England in 1154. Henry passed over Foliot for the position of
Archbishop of Canterbury in 1162, appointing Thomas Becket instead.
Foliot became Bishop of London in 1163, perhaps as compensation. During
the great dispute between Becket and the king, Foliot took the king's
side and was reviled by Becket and his supporters. Becket excommunicated
Foliot on two occasions, the second of which precipitated the
archbishop's martyrdom. Foliot often served as a royal judge, and was an
active administrator and bishop. He was also a prolific letter writer.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_Foliot>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Tomaso Parentucelli became Pope Nicholas V.
York, Upper Canada, was incorporated as Toronto, now the most
populous city in Canada.
Real Madrid, the world's richest football (soccer) club, was
founded as Madrid Football Club.
In a radio broadcast, Nation of Islam leader Elijah Muhammad
announced that American boxer Cassius Clay would change his name to
Muhammad Ali (pictured).
A Palestinian gunman shot and killed eight students and
critically injured eleven in the library of the Mercaz HaRav Kook
yeshiva in Jerusalem.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
(Ireland) A mild minced oath; a euphemism for "by God".
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Who are you and who am I To say we know the reason why Some are
born, some men die, Beneath one infinite sky? There'll be war, there'll
be peace, But everything one day will cease, All the iron turned to
rust, All the proud men turned to dust, And so all things time will
mend, So this song will end.
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