The Treaty of Guînes was a draft agreement to end the Hundred Years'
War, negotiated between England and France from 1353 to 1354. War had
broken out in 1337 and was aggravated when the English king claimed the
French throne. After a French defeat at the Battle of Crécy a truce was
agreed in 1347, although it was not fully observed. In 1352 full-scale
fighting broke out again, which went badly for the French. A faction in
favour of peace gained influence in the French king's council,
negotiations were reopened and a peace agreement that exchanged French
land for the English claim to the French throne was agreed. A draft
treaty was formally signed at Guînes on 6 April 1354. The detailed
treaty was supposed to be publicly announced in October, but a new
French council turned against it and the draft was repudiated. In 1360
the Treaty of Brétigny, which largely replicated the Treaty of Guînes,
was agreed. War flared up again in 1369 and the Hundred Years' War
finally ended in 1453, 99 years after the Treaty of Guînes was signed.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Gu%C3%AEnes>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer and others formally
organized the Church of Christ, starting the Latter Day Saint movement.
The aircraft carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana
and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira was shot down in Kigali; the
event became the catalyst for the Rwandan genocide.
The National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad unilaterally
declared the region of Azawad independent from Mali.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (not comparable) Of or relating to Mount Olympus, the highest
mountain in Greece; or (Greek mythology) the Greek gods and goddesses
who were believed to live there.
2. (comparable, by extension) Resembling a Greek deity in some way.
3. Celestial, heavenly; also, godlike.
4. Acting in a remote and superior manner; aloof.
5. (historical) Of or relating to the town of Olympia in Elis, Greece.
7. (historical) Of or relating to the ancient Olympic Games held at
8. Of or relating to the modern Olympic Games; Olympic.
9. (Greek mythology) Any of the 12 principal gods and goddesses of the
Greek pantheon (Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Ares, Hermes, Hephaestus,
Aphrodite, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Demeter, and Hades); (specifically)
preceded by the: Zeus, the supreme ruler of the Greek deities.
10. (figuratively) A person with superior talents or towering
11. An inhabitant of the city of Olympia, the capital of Washington,
13. (historical) A sportsperson competing in the ancient Olympic Games.
14. A sportsperson competing in the modern Olympic Games.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
The war in Ukraine is one of the greatest challenges ever to the
international order and the global peace architecture, founded on the
United Nations Charter. Because of its nature, intensity, and
consequences. We are dealing with the full-fledged invasion, on several
fronts, of one Member State of the United Nations, Ukraine, by another,
the Russian Federation — a Permanent Member of the Security Council
— in violation of the United Nations Charter, and with several aims,
including redrawing the internationally-recognized borders between the
two countries. The war has led to senseless loss of life, massive
devastation in urban centres, and the destruction of civilian
infrastructure. I will never forget the horrifying images of civilians
killed in Bucha. I immediately called for an independent investigation
to guarantee effective accountability.
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