Mary II reigned as Queen of England and Ireland from 13 February 1689
until her death, and as Queen of Scotland (technically as Mary II of
Scotland) from 11 April 1689 until her death. Mary, a Protestant, came
to the Throne following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the
deposition of her Roman Catholic father, James II. Mary reigned
jointly with her husband and first cousin, William III, who became the
sole ruler upon her death. Popular histories usually know the joint
reign as that of "William and Mary". Mary, although a Sovereign in her
own right, did not wield actual power during most of her reign. She
did, however, govern the realm when her husband was abroad fighting
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The expedition led by James Cook reached Maui, the second largest of
the Hawaiian Islands.
The National Hockey League was formed with its first five teams: the
Montreal Canadiens, the Montreal Wanderers, the Ottawa Senators, the
Quebec Bulldogs, and the Toronto Arenas.
Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon became the first people to enter
Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s tomb in over 3000 years.
World War II: Josip Tito and the Yugoslav Partisans convened the first
meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of
Yugoslavia at Bihać in northwestern Bosnia.
Battle of Chosin Reservoir: Chinese forces in North Korea launched a
massive counterattack against South Korean and United States armed
forces, ending any thought of a quick end to the Korean War.
Wikiquote of the day:
"If I were to be given the opportunity to present a gift to the next
generation, it would be the ability for each individual to learn to
laugh at himself." -- Charles M. Schulz