The State of Vietnam referendum held on 23 October 1955 determined the
future form of government of the State of Vietnam, the nation that was
to become South Vietnam. It was contested by Prime Minister Ngô Đình
Diệm (pictured), who proposed a republic, and former emperor Bảo
Đại, the head of state. Diệm won the election, which was widely
marred by electoral fraud, with 98.2% of the vote. In the capital
Saigon, Diệm was credited with more than 600,000 votes, although only
450,000 people were on the electoral roll. He accumulated tallies in
excess of 90% of the registered voters, even in rural regions where
opposition groups prevented voting. The referendum was the last phase in
the power struggle between Bảo Đại and his prime minister. In the
period leading up to the vote, campaigning for Bảo Đại was banned,
while Diệm's election campaign used personal attacks against him,
including pornographic cartoons and rumours that he was illegitimate.
Bảo Đại was attacked by the government-controlled media, and police
went door-to-door, warning people of the consequences of failing to
vote. After his brother Ngô Đình Nhu successfully rigged the poll,
Diệm proclaimed himself president.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/State_of_Vietnam_referendum,_1955>
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Containing, consisting of, or producing harsh, unpleasant or discordant
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We must not say every mistake is a foolish one.
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