Mário de Andrade was a Brazilian poet, novelist, musicologist, art
historian and critic, and photographer. One of the founders of
Brazilian modernism, he virtually created modern Brazilian poetry with
the publication of his Paulicéia Desvairada (Hallucinated City) in
1922. He has had an enormous influence on Brazilian literature in the
20th and 21st centuries, and as a scholar and essayist—he was a
pioneer of the field of ethnomusicology—his influence has reached
far beyond Brazil. Andrade was the central figure in the avant-garde
movement of São Paulo for 20 years. Trained as a musician and
best-known as a poet and novelist, Andrade was personally involved in
virtually every discipline that was connected with São Paulo
modernism, and became Brazil's national polymath. He was the driving
force behind the Week of Modern Art, the 1922 event that reshaped both
literature and the visual arts in Brazil. At the end of his life, he
became the founding director of São Paulo's Department of Culture,
formalizing a role he had long held as the catalyst of the
city's—and the nation's—entry into artistic modernity.
Read the rest of this article:
Today's selected anniversaries:
The first successful untethered flight by humans was made in a hot air
balloon constructed by the Montgolfier brothers.
The invention of Thomas Edison's phonograph was announced.
Anglo-Irish War: The Irish Republican Army killed more than a dozen of
British intelligence officers known as the Cairo Gang, and
paramilitary forces of the Royal Irish Constabulary opened fire on
players and spectators at a Gaelic football match in Dublin on Bloody
The first ARPANET link was established.
God Defend New Zealand became one of the national anthems of New
Wikiquote of the day:
"We must believe in free will — we have no choice." -- Isaac