Cyclone Joy led to the government of Queensland, Australia, issuing a
disaster declaration for about 30% of the state. The cyclone began in
late 1990 as a weak tropical low near the Solomon Islands, and initially
moved westward. On 18 December, it was named Joy, becoming the 2nd
named storm of the season. After turning southwest, Joy strengthened to
maximum sustained winds of 165 km/h (105 mph) while approaching Cairns
in Far North Queensland. Brushing the city with strong winds, the
cyclone soon weakened and dissipated on 27 December. There was
torrential rainfall over Queensland for two weeks, and severe flooding
caused most of the storm-associated damage. Rains significantly
increased water levels on 10 rivers, among them the Fitzroy River,
which discharged about 18 trillion freshwater litres (4.9 trillion
gallons) into Keppel Bay over 25 days. In turn, the Great Barrier Reef
suffered biological damage from coral bleaching and decreased salinity.
Overall, Joy killed six people and caused A$300 million in damage.
Afterwards, the name Joy was retired from the list of tropical cyclone
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_Joy>
Today's selected anniversaries:
The thirteen Stratford Martyrs were burned at the stake near
London for their Protestant beliefs.
Anglo-Cherokee War: Cherokee warriors defeated British forces
at the Battle of Echoee near present-day Otto, North Carolina, US.
Prime Minister of Japan Tanaka Giichi led a conference to
discuss Japan's plans for China, out of which came the Tanaka Memorial,
a strategic document detailing these plans (now believed to be a
In Nicaragua v. United States, the International Court of
Justice ruled that the United States had violated international law by
supporting the Contras in their rebellion against the Nicaraguan
The International Labour Organization Convention 169, a major
binding international convention concerning indigenous peoples, and a
forerunner of the 2007 Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples,
Wiktionary's word of the day:
To make love to women; to play the male flirt.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Although the world is full of suffering, it is full also of the
overcoming of it. My optimism, then, does not rest on the absence of
evil, but on a glad belief in the preponderance of good and a willing
effort always to cooperate with the good, that it may prevail. I try to
increase the power God has given me to see the best in everything and
every one, and make that Best a part of my life.
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