The Battle of Cape Esperance took place on 11–12 October 1942 between
the Imperial Japanese Navy and U.S. Navy in the Pacific campaign of
World War II. The second major surface engagement of the Guadalcanal
Campaign, it took place at the entrance to the strait between Savo
Island and Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands. The Japanese sent a major
supply and reinforcement convoy to their forces on Guadalcanal. At the
same time, five warships (under the command of Rear Admiral Aritomo
Gotō) were to bombard the Allied airfield on Guadalcanal. Shortly
before midnight on 11 October, the Americans surprised Gotō's force,
sinking two warships and heavily damaging another (Japanese cruiser
Aoba, pictured). Gotō was mortally wounded and his other warships were
forced to retreat. Meanwhile, the Japanese supply convoy unloaded and
began its return journey without being discovered; four of its
destroyers turned back to assist Gotō's retreating warships, but U.S.
aircraft sank two of them. The battle did not give either navy
operational control of the waters around Guadalcanal, but it provided a
significant morale boost to the U.S. Navy after its heavy losses at the
earlier Battle of Savo Island.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Cape_Esperance>
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