A hemmema was a type of warship built for the Swedish archipelago fleet
and the Russian Baltic Navy in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
It was designed by Swedish naval architect Fredrik Henrik af Chapman in
collaboration with Augustin Ehrensvärd, commander of the archipelago
fleet. The hemmema was a specialized vessel for use in the shallow
waters and narrow passages that surround the thousands of islands and
islets extending from the Swedish capital of Stockholm into the Gulf of
Finland. It replaced the galley as a coastal warship since it had better
crew accommodations, was more seaworthy and heavily outgunned even the
largest galleys. It could be propelled by either sails or oars but was
still smaller and more maneuverable than most sailing warships, which
made it suitable for operations in the confined waters. The 12 hemmemas
that were built served on both sides of the Russo-Swedish War of
1788–90 and the Finnish War of 1808–09.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemmema>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Germanic leader Odoacer captured Ravenna, the capital of the
Western Roman Empire, and deposed Emperor Romulus Augustus.
Los Angeles (downtown pictured) was founded as El Pueblo de
Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles de Porciúncula by 44 Spanish
Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies married Pedro II of Brazil
at a state ceremony.
The Albanian Revolt of 1912 came to an end when the Ottoman
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Larry Page and Sergey Brin founded Google in Menlo Park,
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Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. Any distinctive shape or line, etc.
2. A distinctive feature that characterizes something, especially the parts
of the face of an individual.
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Spirituality means waking up. Most people, even though they don't
know it, are asleep. They're born asleep, they live asleep, they marry
in their sleep, they breed children in their sleep, they die in their
sleep without ever waking up. They never understand the loveliness and
the beauty of this thing that we call human existence. You know — all
mystics — Catholic, Christian, non-Christian, no matter what their
theology, no matter what their religion — are unanimous on one thing:
that all is well, all is well. Though everything is a mess, all is well.
Strange paradox, to be sure. But, tragically, most people never get to
see that all is well because they are asleep. They are having a
--Anthony de Mello
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