The school that became Texas A&M; University, the first public
institution of higher education in Texas, was founded in 1871 as the
Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas. Established under the
Morrill Act of 1862, it was originally proposed as a branch of the yet-
to-be-created University of Texas, but the Texas legislature never gave
that university any authority over Texas A&M.; For much of its first
century, enrollment was restricted to white men who were willing to
participate in the Corps of Cadets and receive military training.
Shortly after World War II, the legislature redefined Texas A&M; as a
university and the flagship school of the Texas A&M; University System,
cementing the school's status as an institution separate from the
University of Texas. In the 1960s, the state legislature renamed the
school Texas A&M; University, with the "A&M;" becoming purely symbolic.
Membership in the Corps of Cadets became voluntary, and the school
became racially integrated and coeducational.
Read more: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Texas_A%26M_University>
Today's selected anniversaries:
Second Barons' War: King Henry III was defeated at the Battle
of Lewes and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort
the de facto ruler of England.
Boshin War: Troops of the Tokugawa shogunate withdrew from the
Battle of Utsunomiya Castle and retreated north towards Nikkō and Aizu.
Second World War: Australian Hospital Ship Centaur was attacked
and sunk by a Japanese submarine off the coast of Queensland, killing
268 people aboard.
David Ben-Gurion publicly read the Israeli Declaration of
Independence at the present-day Independence Hall in Tel Aviv,
officially establishing the state of Israel in parts of the former
British Mandate of Palestine.
The NASA space station Skylab was launched from Cape Canaveral.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
1. (botany) Any of various plants of the genus Reseda, having small, pale
grayish green flowers such as dyer's rocket (Reseda luteola) and
mignonette (Reseda odorata).
2. (botany, horticulture, specifically) Mignonette (Reseda odorata).
3. A pale greyish-green colour like the flowers of a reseda plant;
4. Having a pale greyish-green colour like the flowers of a reseda plant;
Wikiquote quote of the day:
Pleasure's fun. It's great, but you can't keep it going forever;
just accept the fact that it's here and it's gone, and maybe then again,
it will come back, and you'll get to do it again. Joy lasts forever.
Pleasure is purely self-centered. It's all about your pleasure: it's
about you. It's a selfish, self-centered emotion, that is created by a
self-centered motive of greed. Joy is compassion. Joy is giving yourself
to somebody else, or something else. And it's a kind of thing that is,
in its subtlety and lowness, much more powerful than pleasure. You get
hung up on pleasure; you're doomed. If you pursue joy; you will find
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