Mackinac Island is an island covering 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) in
land area, part of the U.S. state of Michigan. It is located in Lake
Huron, at the eastern end of the Straits of Mackinac, between the
state's Upper and Lower Peninsulas. The island was home to a Native
American settlement before European exploration began in the 17th
century. It served a strategic position amidst the commerce of the
Great Lakes fur trade. This led to the establishment of Fort Mackinac
on the island by the British during the American Revolutionary War. It
was the scene of two battles during the War of 1812. In the late 19th
century, Mackinac Island became a popular tourist attraction and summer
colony. Much of the island has undergone extensive historical
preservation and restoration; as a result, the entire island is listed
as a National Historic Landmark. It is well known for its numerous
cultural events; its wide variety of architectural styles, including
the famous Victorian Grand Hotel; and its ban on almost all motor
vehicles. More than 80 percent of the island is preserved as Mackinac
Island State Park.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
The First Council of Nicaea, the first ecumenical council of the
Christian Church, was formally opened in present-day Iznik, Turkey.
The Picts defeated the Northumbrians near Dunnichen, severely weakening
the latter's power in northern Great Britain.
Sancho IV, King of Castile and León, established what is now the
Complutense University of Madrid, today one of the top public
universities in Spain.
The first modern atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum by cartographer
Abraham Ortelius, was issued.
By the Treaty of Jeddah, the United Kingdom recognized the sovereignty
of King Ibn Saud in the Kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd, which later merged
to become Saudi Arabia.
East Timor became the first new sovereign state of the twenty-first
century after Indonesia relinquished control of the territory.
Wiktionary's word of the day:
Of or relating to motion or to kinematics
Wikiquote quote of the day:
However unwillingly a person who has a strong opinion may admit the
possibility that his opinion may be false, he ought to be moved by the
consideration that, however true it may be, if it is not fully,
frequently, and fearlessly discussed, it will be held as a dead dogma,
not a living truth.
--John Stuart Mill
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