The Girl Scouts of the United States of America (GSUSA) is a youth
organization for girls in the United States and American girls living
abroad. The Girl Scout program developed from the concerns of the
progressive movement in the United States from people who sought to
promote the social welfare of young women and as a female counterpart
to the Boy Scouts of America. It was founded by Juliette Gordon Low in
1912 and is based on the Scouting principles developed by Robert
Baden-Powell. The GSUSA uses the Scout method to build self-esteem and
to teach values such as honesty, fairness, courage, compassion,
character, sisterhood, confidence, and citizenship through activities
including camping, community service, learning first aid, and earning
numerous badges that can teach lifelong skills. Girl Scouts are
recognized for their achievements through rank advancement and various
special awards. GSUSA has programs for girls with special interests,
such as water-based activities. Membership is organized according to
age levels with activities appropriate to each age group.
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Today's selected anniversaries:
Conradin, the last Duke of Swabia, was beheaded in Naples after
failing to reclaim Sicily for the House of Hohenstaufen from Charles
The opera Don Giovanni, based on the legendary fictional libertine
Don Juan and composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, premiered in the
Estates Theatre in Prague.
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the first President of the Republic of
Turkey, a new nation founded from remnants of the Ottoman Empire.
The Suez Crisis began with Israel invading the Sinai Peninsula and
pushing Egyptian forces back toward the Suez Canal.
After more than three decades, 77-year old John Glenn returned to
space aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on STS-95, to study the
effects of space flight on the elderly.
Wiktionary's Word of the day:
moribund: Approaching death; about to die.
Wikiquote of the day:
This is a terrific outburst. And since it doesn’t have a tail right
now, some observers have confused it with a nova. We’ve had at least
two reports of a new star. -- Brian G. Marsden