Simeon I ruled over Bulgaria from 893 to 927, during the First
Bulgarian Empire. Simeon's successful campaigns against the
Byzantines, Magyars and Serbs led Bulgaria to its greatest territorial
expansion ever, making it the most powerful state in contemporary
Eastern Europe. His reign was also a period of unmatched cultural
prosperity and enlightenment later deemed the Golden Age of Bulgarian
culture. During Simeon's rule, Bulgaria spread over a territory
between the Aegean, the Adriatic and the Black Sea, and the new
Bulgarian capital Preslav was said to rival Constantinople. The
newly-independent Bulgarian Orthodox Church became the first new
patriarchate besides the Pentarchy and Bulgarian Glagolitic
translations of Christian texts spread all over the Slavic world of
the time. Halfway through his reign, Simeon assumed the title of
Emperor (Tsar), having prior to that been styled Prince (Knyaz).
Read the rest of this article:
Today's selected anniversaries:
Malcolm IV became King of Scotland at the age of twelve.
Expedition of the Thousand: Giuseppe Garibaldi and his Redshirts
launched their attack on Palermo, capital of the Two Sicilies.
The flying boat NC-4 arrived in Lisbon, Portugal, becoming the first
fixed-wing aircraft to complete a transatlantic flight under its own
The Golden Gate Bridge, a suspension bridge spanning the Golden Gate
in California, was opened.
Operation Anthropoid: Czech resistance fighters in Nazi-occupied
Prague ambushed and mortally wounded Reinhard Heydrich, the chief of
Reich Security Main Office and the Protector of Bohemia and Moravia.
Wikiquote of the day:
Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord: He is
trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored; He
hath loosed the fateful lightning of His terrible swift sword: His
truth is marching on. -- Julia Ward Howe